- Explain the symbolism of the Sea Scout emblem.
- Give a brief oral history of the U.S. flag.
- Demonstrate how to fly, hoist, lower, fold, display and salute the U.S. flag. Explain flag etiquette and protocols for both land and sea.
- Active Membership
- Attend at least 75 percent of your ship’s meetings and activities for six months.
Note: Check with your ship’s yeoman.
- Do one of the following. Recruit a new member for your ship and follow through until the new member is registered and formally admitted with an admissions ceremony, or assist in planning and carrying out a ship recruiting activity, such as an open house or joint activity with a youth group or organization (another Sea Scout ship will not count).
- Complete quarterdeck training, either as an officer or as a prospective officer.
- Serve as an activity chair for a major ship event. Responsibilities should include planning, directing, and evaluating the event.
Pass all requirements for the BSA’s Swimming merit badge.
- Discuss BSA Safety Afloat with an adult leader.
- Describe the safety equipment required by law for your ship’s primary vessel.
- Develop a ship’s station bill for your ship and review it with an adult leader.
- Plan and practice the following drills: man overboard, fire, and abandon ship.
- Describe three types of equipment used in marine communications.
- Demonstrate your knowledge of correct maritime communications procedures by making at least three calls to another vessel, marinas, bridges, or locks.
- Before an activity, submit a menu that uses cooked and uncooked dishes, a list of provisions, and estimated costs for a day’s meal (breakfast, lunch, and dinner). Once the provision list is approved, help obtain the items on the list.
- Explain the use of charcoal, pressurized alcohol, and propane. Include safety precautions for each.
- Prepare breakfast, lunch, and dinner while on the activity. Demonstrate your ability to properly use the galley equipment or personal cooking gear generally used by your ship.
- Demonstrate appropriate sanitation techniques for food preparation and meal cleanup.
- Marlinspike Seamanship
- Name the various materials used to manufacture rope, the advantages and disadvantages of each, and the characteristics of laid and braided rope. Discuss the meaning of lay, thread, strand, and hawser. Explain how rope is sized and measured.
- Using both large and small lines, tie and explain the use of the following knots: stevedore’s knot, French (double) bowline, bowline on a bight, timber hitch, rolling hitch, marline hitch, and midshipman’s (taut-line) hitch.
- Demonstrate your ability to secure a line to pilings, bitts, cleats, and rings, and to coil, flake, and flemish a line.
- Demonstrate how to cut and heat-seal a synthetic line and whip the end of plain-laid line using waxed cord or similar material.
- Boat Handling
- Name the principal parts of a typical sailboat and a runabout.
- Name the principal parts of the masts, booms, spars, standing and running rigging, and sails of a gaff- or Marconi-rigged sloop, schooner, and ketch or yawl.
- Describe the identifying characteristics of a sloop, ketch, yawl, cutter, and schooner.
- Demonstrate your ability to handle a rowboat by doing the following: row in a straight line for a quarter mile, stop, make a pivot turn, return to the starting point and backwater in a straight line for 50 yards/meters. Make a turn and return to the starting point.
- Name the parts of a stock anchor and a stockless anchor.
- Describe five types of anchors. Describe how each type holds the bottom, the kind of bottom in which it holds best, and the advantages or disadvantages of each type.
- Calculate the amount of anchor rode necessary for your ship’s primary vessel in the following depths: 10, 20, and 30 feet in normal and storm conditions.
- Demonstrate the ability to set and weigh anchor.
- Navigation Rules
- Explain the purpose of Navigation Rules, International and Inland.
- Know the general “Rule of Responsibility.”
- Define stand-on and give-way vessels for the following situations: meeting, crossing, and overtaking for both power and sailing vessels.
- Explain “Responsibility Between Vessels” (vessel priority).
- Explain the navigation lights required for power-driven and sailing vessels underway. Explain what is required for a vessel under oars.
- Describe the sound signals for maneuvering, warning, and restricted visibility.
- 10. Piloting and Navigation
- Demonstrate your understanding of latitude and longitude. Using a Mercator chart, demonstrate that you can locate your position from given coordinates and determine the coordinates of at least five aids to navigation.
- Explain the degree system of compass direction. Explain variation and deviation and how they are used to convert between true headings and bearings to compass headings and bearings.
- Describe three kinds of devices used aboard ship for measuring speed and/or distance traveled and, if possible, demonstrate their use.
- Understand Universal Coordinated Time (Greenwich Mean Time or Zulu Time) and zone time. Demonstrate your ability to convert from one to the other for your local area.
- Explain the 24-hour time system and demonstrate that you can convert between 12- and 24-hour time.
- Make a dead reckoning table of compass and distances (minimum three legs) between two points, plot these on a chart, and determine the final position.
Note: Ideally this requirement should be met while underway. If this is not possible, it may be simulated using charts.
- Practical Deck Seamanship
- Name the seven watches and explain bell time.
- Explain the duties of a lookout and demonstrate how to report objects in view and wind directions with respect to the vessel.
- Name relative bearings expressed in degrees.
- While underway, serve as a lookout for one watch.
- Demonstrate the use of wheel or helm commands found in the Sea Scout Manual.
- Supervise and contribute to the cruise log for three days of cruising (one cruise or a combination of day cruises). Submit the cruise logs to your Skipper.
Discuss with an adult leader the Federal Water Pollution Control Act as related to oil discharges. Explain what a “Discharge of Oil Prohibited” placard is and find it aboard your ship’s vessels.
- Plan and participate in an overnight cruise in an approved craft under leadership that lasts a minimum of 36 hours.
- While on the cruise, perform the duties of a helmsman for at least 30 minutes.
- Boating Safety Course
Successfully complete a boating safety course approved by the National Association of State Boating Law Administrators (NASBLA) offered by one of the following agencies: a state boating agency, the United States Power Squadrons, the United States Coast Guard Auxiliary, or other private or military education courses.
As an Apprentice, log at least 16 hours of work on ship equipment, projects, or activities other than regular ship meetings, parties, dances, or fun events.
Note: Arrange for this work through the ship’s officers.
- Electives—Do any three of the following:
- Drill: Demonstrate your ability to execute commands in close-order drill.
- Yacht Racing: Describe the procedures used in yacht racing and the signals used by the race committee to start a race. Serve as a crew member in a race sailed under current International Sailing Federation Rules.
- Sailing: In a cat-rigged or similar small vessel, demonstrate your ability to sail single-handedly a triangular course (leeward, windward, and reaching marks).
Demonstrate beating, reaching, and running. A qualified sailing instructor should observe this requirement.
- Ornamental Ropework: Make a three-strand Turk’s head and a three-strand monkey’s fist. Using either ornamental knot, make up a heaving line.
- Engines: Perform routine maintenance on your ship’s propulsion system, including filter, spark plug, oil changes, proper fueling procedures and other routine maintenance tasks. Refer to operations manuals or your ship’s adult leaders for correct procedures and guidance.
- USPS: Join a local Power Squadron as an Apprentice member.
- Boatswain Call: Demonstrate your ability to use a boatswain’s pipe by making the following calls—word to be passed, boat call, veer, all hands, pipe down, and piping the side.
- U.S. Coast Guard Auxiliary: Successfully complete either the Coast GuardAuxiliary Boating Skills and Seamanship or Sailing Skills and Seamanship course. All core sessions, as well as at least three elective sessions, must be completed to fulfill this requirement.
Source: Sea Scout Manual, 11th Edition, 2012 printing